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emerging infectious diseases that threaten our good health.

Public Health Reports

Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) - 2017 Report

This year's report provides a snapshot of 2015 and 2016 antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and use (AMU) data from the different Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) surveillance systems and its national laboratory reference services. Although the overall level of AMR in Canada is similar or lower than rates reported by other developed countries, there are some areas of concern. Upward trends were seen in the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus blood stream infection (BSI) in pediatric hospitals and the rate of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus BSI in adults. In addition, the rate of drug-resistant gonorrhea increased between the years 2014 and 2015. There also remain significant data gaps that prevent our ability to provide a comprehensive picture of the current situation and emerging risks of AMR in Canada. Strengthening the surveillance of AMR and AMU in humans and animals is a priority for PHAC and the yearly CARSS Report serves to highlight the attained progress and future steps in addressing these gaps. Download full report here: English; French

Mycobacterium chimaera Resources

(extracted from AMMI Canada President's Newsletter, May 2017)

  • Publication - Canada Communicable Disease Report (CCDR): Volume 43-5, May 4, 2017: Implementation science. Mycobacterium chimaera infections in post-operative patients exposed to heater-cooler devices: An overview. T Ogunremi, G Taylor, L Johnston, K Amaratunga, M Muller, A Coady, K Defalco, K Dunn, J Johnstone, S Smith, J Embree, B Henry, J Stafford on behalf of the Infection Prevention and Control Expert Working Group

  • PHAC - Summary assessment of public health risk associated with Mycobacterium chimaera infections in patients exposed to heater-cooler devices in Canada

  • CPHLN device testing recommendations regarding non-tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) contamination in heater-cooler units

  • Health Canada Recalls and Safety Alerts - LivaNova Stockert 3T Heater-Cooler Device - Risk of Mycobacterium chimaera infections (February 17, 2017)

Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS)

  • Preliminary evidence of reduced incidence of antimicrobial resistance in poultry following elimination of the use of antimicrobials of very high importance to human medicine by the Canadian Chicken Industry English; French

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance: How Does Canada Perform Among G7 Countries?

  •  The World Health Organization Global Action Plan Against Antimicrobial Resistance was adopted during the G7-Summit held in Elmau, June 2015. This report outlines examples of "best-practice" national strategies developed by the participating countries.    read more ...

Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network (CPHLN) Voluntary Reporting of Carbapenamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: 2008-2016

  •  Dr. Michael Mulvey, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada (Uploaded Mar 7, 2017)   download

Canadian Antimicrobial Surveillance System - 2015

  •  download

Do Bugs Need Drugs?

  •  A Community Program for Wise Use of Antibiotics in Alberta and British Columbia   read more ...

  •  Interactive Dashboards for Community-Based Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance and Utilization in British Columbia

Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at St. Pauls Hospital

  •  Annual Reports: 2015-16; 2014-15; 2013-14

CNISP (Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program) Reports

The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program, Public Health Agency of Canada, collects surveillance data on antimicrobial resistant organisms (AROs) from 57 large, university-affiliated tertiary care hospitals in 10 provinces.

  • CNISP Infographic - Significant Milestones Initiated during 1994-2016 English; French

  • Antimicrobial Resistant Organism (ARO) Surveillance Summary Report 2011-2015 (Updated Dec 2016) download

  • Antimicrobial resistance trends 2009-2014 (updated July 2015) English; French

  • Clostridium difficile infection rates 2007-2012 English; French

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection rates 2008-2012 English ; French

For other CNISP project results, visit the Public Health Agency of Canada website.

From the BC Centre for Disease Control

  • Emerging Respiratory Viruses Bulletin (Jun 15, 2017): Avian Influenza A(H7N9) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (Mers-CoV) Download

  • Emerging Respiratory Viruses Bulletin (Mar 03, 2017) Download

  • Serial vaccination and the antigenic distance hypothesis: effects on influenza vaccine effectiveness during A(H3N2) epidemics in Canada, 2010-11 to 2014-15. Skowronski DM et al, JID 2017 Download

  • Mid-season Estimates of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness (2017) Download

  • Arboviral Diseases in BC Travellers (2016) Download

  • Zika Virus Guidance (Jan 26, 2016) Download

  • Avian Influenza Bulletin (Jan 19, 2016) Download

  •  MERS-CoV Epi-Curve (Feb 25, 2015) Download

  •  H7N9 Epi-Curve (Feb 25, 2015) Download

  •  Mutations acquired by H3N2 during cell culture may affect its antigenic characterization - implications for vaccine development Download

  •  Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) in Canada - 2015 Download